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Hidden Pastures Luxury Fiber Farm & Shop

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Angora Goats

Where Mohair is the Harvest!

Why Angora Goats?

Hidden Pastures began raising Angora Goats in 2010 with the addition of a breeding buck and doe in white,followed immediately by two colored does.  Our hope was to use the whitebuck, with amazing mohair, on the colored does to produce kids in color with amazing fiber.  Well, we produced kids with amazing fiber but didnot achieve the color we were looking for.  We have subsequently addedadditional colored bucks and does to our breeding program and are happywith the results.

 

What is an Angora Goat?

The Angora goat is a domestic goat named for Ankara, Turkey, historically known as Angora.  Angora goats produce a lustrous fiber known as mohair.


The mohair grows on the goat in locks and is crimped or curled with amazing luster.  A single goat produces about 10 pounds of fiber per year.  Angoras are shorn twice a year, unlike sheep, which are shorn only once.  Angoras bear no relation to sheep.


Turkey, Argentina, South Africa and the United States are top producers of mohair.  Originally, Angora goats were bred for their white coats.  In 1999, the Colored Angora Goat Breeders Association was set up to promote breeding of colored Angoras. 
Angora goats are not produced in white, black (including grey and silver), red (the color fades as the goat matures), and brown fibers.

 

The fiber!

Mohair is only produced by Angora goats.  Mohair is considered a luxury fiber and should not be confused with Angora fiber which comes from Angora rabbits. Mohair is as warm as wool although it is much lighter in weight making it ideal for traveling.  Mohair is also desirable due to its warmth, durability and beauty and because of this has been used to make garments for kings, sultans and as part of the tabernacle in the bible


The luster of mohair is one of the most important characteristics. Luster is the natural sheen of the fiber caused by light being reflected more directly by the larger outer scales
of the fiber. This luster or sheen helps dyed mohair resist fading caused by time and the elements and makes it very hard wearing.


Mohair is almost non-flammable. When placed under, or near, a naked flame, it tends to shrivel into a bead like ash. Once taken away from the flame, burning stops instantaneously.  Early children’s Teddy Bears were made from mohair because of this
property and because there is less allergic reaction to mohair than wool.


Mohair can be twisted or bent without damaging the fiber. This is due to its structure, supporting the claim that it is the most durable of all animal fibers.


Mohair will stretch an average 30% over its length and then will be able to spring back into shape. Due to this property, mohair garments resist wrinkling, stretching or sagging during wear.


All natural fibers from animals have the ability to absorb and release atmospheric moisture. They breathe where man made fibers do not.


Mohair resists dirt.  This property commends its use for woven fabrics, due to the factor that dust does not come to rest on slippery fibers. Shaking and brushing can easily remove any dust remaining on woven fabrics.


Mohair dyes easily and brilliantly.Mohair possesses great strength. Diameter to diameter, it is stronger than steel.


Grades of Mohair,  Super kid is under 23 microns, kid is 24-29 microns, Yearling is 30-34 microns, Fine adult is 35-39 microns and Adult is 40+ microns.


While fineness is typically dependent upon the age of the goat, this is not a determination only of the goat’s age; it is a grading of the quality of the mohair.


The ideal Angora goat will have no kemp or medulated fibers.  Kemp fibers have a hollow core, are coarse and shorter than the mohair.  Kemp sticks out of the yarn and makes garments feel scratchy.  Kemp fibers are brittle and will break when bent.  They are short, chalky and do not take dye. These fibers are not acceptable in any fiber animal. Medulated fibers Medulated fibers may be as long as the mohair, have some hollow characteristics but are not as much of a problem as kemp.  Medulated fibers will take dye.  Medulated fibers will bend like mohair but will not have the same curl or micron than the mohair in which it is found. 

Colored Angora Goat Breeders Association

Breeding color into the Angora goat has been popular in recent years. The Colored Angora Goat Breeder's Association (CAGBA) was formed in 1999 to promote colored Angora goats and to establish standards to strive for in the breed. Developing color requires either breeding back the few and rare naturally colored Angora goats to other naturally colored Angora goats, or to breed white Angora goats to other breeds to introduce color. The early cross-breeding did not produce mohair that was up to the white standards.  There are now over 4,500 colored Angora goats registered in the USA. The breed now represents naturally colored Angora goats that nearly equal the white Angora goats. The naturally colored mohair is very desirable because of the beautiful natural colors and
still somewhat rarity of the fiber.

We are members of the Colored Angora Goat Breeders Association www.cagba.org

Updated March 13, 2017